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Dany Loutfallah Azar

Full professor
Life & Earth Sciences department - Section II - Fanar
Speciality: Evolution, Palaeoentomology, Entomology, Forensic Entomology, Palaeontology, Reconstruction of Palaeoenvironment
Specific Speciality: Biodiversité et Evolution - Paléontologie

Positions
2001 - present : Professor

Lebanese University
Fanar - LEBANON

2005 - 2011 : Part-time Lecturer

American University of Beirut - Faculty of Art and Sciences
Beirut - LEBANON

2003 - 2005 : Part-time Lecturer

American University of Sciences and Technology
Achrafiyyeh - Beirut - LEBANON

2001 - 2006 : Part-time Professor

Saint Joseph University - Faculty of Science
Mar Roukouz - LEBANON

Teaching 11 Taught Courses
(2014-2015) BioA 414 - Genetics of organisms and populations

M1 Cellular and Molecular Biology - Section 2

(2014-2015) BioA 415 - Genetics of organisms and populations Lab

M1 Cellular and Molecular Biology - Section 2

(2014-2015) MDFS 516 - Forensic Entomology and Microbiology

M2 Molecular Diagnostic and Forensic Sciences

(2014-2015) BioA 412 - Entomology

M1 Environmental and life Sciences - Option : Animal

(2014-2015) BioA 413 - Entomology Lab

M1 Environmental and life Sciences - Option : Animal

(2014-2015) BioA 422 - Species and Phylogenie: Concepts and Theories

M1 Environmental and life Sciences - Option : Animal

(2014-2015) BioA 423 - Species and Phylogenie: Concepts and Theories Lab

M1 Environmental and life Sciences - Option : Animal

(2014-2015) GEOL 211 - Paleontology, Startigraphy, Paleoenvironment

BS Petroleum Geology

(2014-2015) GEOL 212 - Paleontology, Starigraphy, Paleoenvironment Lab

BS Petroleum Geology

(2014-2015) Biol 324 - Paleontology

BS Earth and life sciences

(2014-2015) Biol 344 - Paleontology Lab

BS Earth and life sciences

Education
2003 - 2003: HDR - Accreditation to Direct Research

Reims-Champagne-Ardennes University - FRANCE
Evolution, Palaeoentomology, Reconstruction of Paleoenvironment

HDR - Accreditation to Direct Research

1997 - 2000: PhD

Paris XI (Orsay) University - FRANCE
Genetique, Histoire et Mecanisme de l'Evolution

PHD

Conferences 38 participations
4th International Conference on the Geology of the Middle East, E. S. C. W. A., Beirut, Lebanon, 9th – 12th November 1998


1998-11-09

World Congress on Amber Inclusions, Vitoria- Gasteiz, Alava, Basc Country, Spain, 20th to 23rd of October 1998


1998-10-20

Journées Boris Ephrussi. Ecole Doctorale, La Logique du Vivant. Institue Curie - Paris, 20 and 21st of April 1998


1998-04-20

XVème Symposium de L'Association des Palynologues de Langue Française. Lyon, France


1997-09-01 to 1997-09-03

Génétique du Développement et de ses pathologies humaines. (Première réunion conjointe organisée à l'initiative du Comité d'Interface INSERM - GÉNÉTIQUE). Institut Curie - Paris


1996-12-17

Programme International de Correlation Géologique. (Réunion spécialisée SGF / PICG / CFS). Maison de la Géologie - Paris


1996-11-04

Colloque International sur l'Origine des Hexapodes, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 8th and 9th of January 1999

MORPHO-logique, atelier « la forme et son traitement phylogénétique » Collège de France, Paris, 20th-21st of January 1999

XVIème Symposium de L'Association des Palynologues de Langue Française, Institut de Géographie de l’Université de Liège, Belgium, 13th – 17th of October 1999.

Ve Congrès des étudiants, « Grande Galerie de l’Evolution du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris » 19th – 21st of October 1999.

Workshop on Palaeoecology and Preservation of Fossil Insects, organized by the European Science Foundation in Portmouth University, UK, 6th – 8th of November 1999.

Second International Congress on Palaeoentomology, Cracovia, Poland, 5th – 9th of September, 2001.

The first meeting of the Lebanese Society of Forensic Medecine, Beirut, Lebanon, 18th-20th of September 2003

- Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions) Pretoria, South Africa, 7th – 11th of February 2005

The Third, Highly Irregular, Scarab Workshop. An International Scarab Workshop held at The Piccadilly University Hotel, Fresno, California, USA, May 3-4, 2006

XIVth Seminar : Deposits of Amber and Other Fossil Resins Throughout the World (XIV seminarium: O złożach bursztynu I innych żywic kopalnych na świecie) – Amberif 2007 Gdank, the 14th International Fair of Amber, Jewellery and Gemstones 14-18th of March 2007

- Fossils x3 :IVth International Congress of Palaeoentomology; IIIrd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; IIIrd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, 4th – 9th of May 2007

- Mid-Mesozoic Life and Environments, Cognac, France, 24th – 28th of June 2007

- First Meeting of Lebanese Academy of Sciences, Crown Plaza Hotel, Hamra, Beirut, Lebanon, 6-7 November 2009

- Publications scientifiques - Enjeux et perspectives, Université Saint - Esprit de Kaslik (USEK), Kaslik, Lebanon, 25th of May 2010.

- Genetically Modified Organisms, Current State of Affairs, American University of Science and Technology (AUST), Beirut, Lebanon, 26th of May 2010

- Les Risques et leur Gestion, house of government, Beirut, Lebanon, 16th of June 2010

- Fossils x3: 5th International Conference on Fossil Insects; 4th World Congress on Amber Inclusions; 4th International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology, Beijing-China, 20th – 25th of August 2010

- II ièmes Journées Scientifiques de l’Ecole Doctorale des Sciences et Technologie. Lebanese University, Rafic Hariri Campus, Hadath – Lebanon 8, 9 and 10 December 2010

- 6th Session of the World Amber Council, Gdansk, Poland 27-28 May 2011, City Council in Gdansk

- 18th International Science Meeting, Notre Dame University (NDU), Louaizeh, Lebanon 22-24 March 2012.

- 7th Session of the World Amber Council, Gdansk, Poland 18-19 May 2011, City Council in Gdansk.

- 8th Session of the World Amber Council, Gdansk, Poland May 2012, City Council in Gdansk.

- International Amber Research Symposium, Gdansk, Poland, 22-23 Marsh 2013.

- 9th Session of the World Amber Council, Gdansk, Poland May 2013, City Council in Gdansk.

- 19th LAAS International Science Conference, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon, 5-6 April 2013

- Fossils x3: 6th International Congress of Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber, Byblos, Lebanon, 14th – 18th of April 2013

- IV ièmes Journées Scientifiques de l’Ecole Doctorale des Sciences et Technologie. Lebanese University, Rafic Hariri Campus, Hadath – June 2010

- The 9th International Symposium on the Cretaceous system, 1-5 September 2013, METU Faculty of Economic and Administrative Science Building, Ankara, Turkey.

- 20th LAAS International Science Conference, Lebanese University, Hadath, Lebanon, 27-29 March 2014

- 10th Session of the World Amber Council, Gdansk, Poland May 2014, City Council in Gdansk

- LIPE & AAPG Northern Arabia Geoscience Conference and Exhibition, Beirut, Lebanon - 27-29 May, 2014

- COCARDE Workshop and Field Seminar: Cold-water Carbonates at high palaeolatitudes from the Palaeozoic to the Recent Combining outcrops studies with core studies and geophysical imaging, 10-13 June 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark

Publications 194 publications
Choufani, J., El-Halabi, W., Azar, A. and Nel, A. First fossil insect from Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber in Syria (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) Cretaceous Research 54: 106–116 2015

Masse, J.-C., Maksoud, S., Fenerci-Masse, M., Granier, B. and Azar, D. Earliest Aptian Caprinidae (Bivalvia, Hippuritida) from Lebanon Carnets de Géologie [Notebooks on Geology], 15: 3. 21-30 2015

Azar, D., Mouawad, R. and Salamé, Y. A new genus of Trichomyiinae (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Upper Cretaceous amber of New Jersey Cretaceous Research 52. 531-538 2015

Kirejtshuk, A.G., Chetverikov, P.E. and Azar, D. Libanopsinae, new subfamily of the family Sphindidae (Coleoptera, Cucujoidea) from Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber, with remarks on using confocal microscopy for the study of amber inclusions Cretaceous Research 52: 461-479 2015

Azar, D., Huang, D., Cai, C. and Nel, A. The earliest records of pachytroctid booklice from Lebanese and Burmese Cretaceous ambers (Psocodea, Troctomorpha, Nanopsocetae, Pachytroctidae) Cretaceous Research 52: 336-347 2015

Azar, D. and Salamé, Y. A new genus of Sycoracinae (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Upper Cretaceous amber of New Jersey Cretaceous Research 52: 539-547 2015

Huang, D., Garrouste, R., Azar, D., Engel, M.S. and Nel, A. The fourth Mesozoic water measurer discovered in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Heteroptera: Hydrometridae: Hydrometrinae) Cretaceous Research 52: 118-126 2015

Azar, D., Huang, D., Cai, C. and Nel, A. The first trichomyiine from Burmese Cretaceous amber (Diptera, Psychodidae, Trichomyiinae) Cretaceous Research 53: 48-58 2015

A new genus and species of Trichomyiinae (Axenotrichomyia boisteli) is described herein from Burmese Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian) amber. This new taxon is characterized, illustrated, and its taxonomic position is discussed. This discovery sheds new light for the understanding of the palaeobiodiversity ofthis group.

Choufani, J., El-Halabi, W., Azar, D. and Nel, A. First fossil insect from Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber in Syria (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) Cretaceous Research 54: 106–116 2015

Lebanoculicoides bloudani a new species of Ceratopogonidae from the Lower Cretaceous ambers of Syria and Lebanon is studied. The new species is characterized, described, illustrated, and compared with the other fossil taxa of the same extinct genus. A key to the species of the genus Lebanoculioides is proposed.

Choufani, J., Azar, D. and Nel, A. New biting midges from the Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) 2014

Nel, A., Azar, D. and Huang, D.-Y. A new Middle Jurassic Chinese fossil clarifies the systematic composition of the Heterophlebioptera (Odonata: Trigonoptera) Alcheringa 38: 1. 130-134 2014

Juraheterophlebia sinica, a new species of damsel-dragonfly, is described from the Middle Jurassic of China. Its fore- and hind wings in connection to the body allows comparison of the type genera of the families Erichschmidtiidae and Juraheterophlebiidae, respectively based on a forewing and a hind wing. Juraheterophlebiidae is a junior synonym of the Erichschmidtiidae. The new fossil confirms the previous attributions of Erichschmidtia and Juraheterophlebia to the clade Heterophlebioptera.

Nel, P., Retana-Salazar, A.P., Azar, D., Nel, A. and Huang, D.-Y. Redefining the Thripida (Insecta: Paraneoptera) Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 1-14 2014

Krzeminski, W., Kania, I. and Azar, D. The Early Cretaceous evidence of rapid evolution of the genus Helius Lepeletier and Serville, 1828 (Limoniidae, Diptera) Cretaceous Research 48: 96-101 2014

Azar, D. Tertiary bark lice (Insecta: Psocodea) from the Insect Limestone (Bembridge Marls, Late Eocene) of the Isle of Wight, southern England Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 104: 307-316 2014

Azar, D. and Salamé, Y. A new genus of Sycoracinae (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Upper Cretaceous amber of New Jersey New Frontiers in Science, 20th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese University (Hadath), March 27-29th 2014 140 2014

Azar, D., Mouawad, R. and Salamé, Y. A new genus of Trichomyiinae (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Upper Cretaceous amber of New Jersey New Frontiers in Science, 20th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese University (Hadath), March 27-29th 2014. 140 2014

Choufani, J., Nel, A. and Azar, D. Description of new taxa of fossil biting midges from the Lebanese amber New Frontiers in Science, 20th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese University (Hadath). March 27-29th 2014. 132-133 2014

Nohra, Y., Perrichot, V., Jeanneau, L., Gèze, R. and Azar, D. Lebanese Jurassic versus Cretaceous amber: Chemical characterization New Frontiers in Science, 20th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese University (Hadath), March 27-29th 2014. 85-86 2014

Kachacha, G., Cuny, G., Azar, D. and Abi Saad, P. Simplification of the enameloid microstructure of Lebanese Rajiformes: a Functional approach New Frontiers in Science, 20th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese University (Hadath), March 27-29th 2014 137-138 2014

Maksoud, S., Granier, B., Azar, D. and Gèze, R. Unravelling "Falaise de Blanche" New Frontiers in Science, 20th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese University (Hadath), March 27-29th 2014. 140-141 2014

Azar, D. Report on the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber (Byblos, Lebanon) 8th Session of the World Amber Council, May 2013 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 13-19 World Amber Council 2014

Azar, D., Granier, B. and Maksoud, S. Latest news of amber outcrops from Lebanon 8th Session of the World Amber Council, May 2013 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 45-48 World Amber Council 2014

Azar, D., Maksoud, S. and Granier, B. Correlation of the newly defined Jezzinian Regional Stage in Lebanon with a prolific oil reservoir in Abu Dhabi, Thamama II (ADMA) - Thamama B (ADCO). 2014 LIPE & AAPG Northern Arabia Geoscience Conference and Exhibition, New frontiers and New Challenges, 27-29 May 2014, Hilton Beirut Habtoor Grand, Beirut, Lebanon 2014

Maksoud, S., Granier, B. and Azar, D. Redefinition of the Lebanese Cretaceous Formation Falaise de Blanche via a micropalaeontological-taxonomic study. COCARDE Workshop and Field Seminar: Cold-water Carbonates at high palaeolatitudes from the Palaeozoic to the Recent Combining outcrops studies with core studies and geophysical imaging, 10-13 June 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark. 38-39 2014

Maksoud, S., Granier, B. and Azar, D. First record of Harlanjohnsonella annulata Elliott in Granier et Deloffre, 1993, non 1968, a Triploporellacean alga in Late Barremian-earliest Bedoulian strata of Lebanon Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae 10: 1-2. 47-60 2014

Maksoud, S., Granier, B., Azar, D., Gèze, R., Paicheler, J.-C. and Moreno-Bedmar, J.A. Revision of "Falaise de BLANCHE" (Lower Cretaceous) in Lebanon, with the definition of a Jezzinian Regional Stage Carnets de Géologie [Notebooks on Geology] 14: 18. 401-427 2014

Choufani, J., Perrichot, V., Azar, D. and Nel, A. New biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Late Cretaceous Vendean amber Paleontological Contributions 10H: 33-40 2014

Perrichot, V., Garrouste, R., Azar, D., Néraudeau, D. and Nel, A. A new genus of dustywings (Neuroptera: Coniopterygidae) in Late Cretaceous Vendean amber Paleontological Contributions 10F: 25-29 2014

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Perrichot, V. Diverse barklice (Psocodea) from Late Cretaceous Vendean amber Paleontological Contributions 10C: 9-15 2014

Drohojowska, J., Szwedo, J. and Azar, D. Talaya batraba gen. et sp. nov. − the first nymph of Protopsyllidiidae (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Psyllomorpha) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber Acta Geologica Sinica 87: 1. 21-31 2013

Kovalev, A.V., Kirejtshuk, A.G. and Azar, D. The oldest representatives of the family Throscidae (Coleoptera: Elateriformia) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber Cretaceous Research 44: 157-165 2013

Azar, D., Engel, M.S., Jarzembowski, E., Krogmann, L., Nel, A. and Santiago-Blay, J. Selected papers from the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon,14-18 April 2013 Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 6: 1-2. 1-9 2013

Kirejtshuk, A.G. and Azar, D. Current knowledge of Coleoptera (Insecta) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber and taxonomical notes for some Mesozoic groups Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 6: 1-2. 103-134 2013

Veltz, I., Paicheler, J-C., Maksoud, S., Gèze, R. and Azar, D. Context and genesis of the Lebanese amberiferous palaeoenvironments at the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 6: 1-2. 11-26 2013

Nohra, Y., Azar, D., Gèze, R., Maksoud, S., El-Samrani, A. and Perrichot, V. New Jurassic amber outcrops from Lebanon Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 6: 1-2. 27-51 2013

Ain Malak, M., Salamé, Y. and Azar, D. New phlebotomine flies from Burmese amber (Diptera : Psychodidae : Phlebotominae) Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 6: 1-2. 81-101 2013

Azar, D. State of the art in the research on fossil resin in the World The International Amber Researcher Symposium Amber. Deposits-Collections-The Market, 22-23 March 2013 Gdansk, Poland Amberif: 7 2013

Nohra, Y., Azar, D., Gèze, R., Maksoud, S., El-Samrani, A. and Perrichot, V. New Jurassic amber outcrops from Lebanon The International Amber Researcher Symposium Amber. Deposits-Collections-The Market, 22-23 March 2013 Gdansk, Poland Amberif: 17 2013

Azar, D., Engel, M.S., Jarzembowsky, E., Krogmann, L., Nel, A. and Santiago-Blay, J. Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Brill isbn:978-90-04-210707-7 2013

Azar, D., Engel, M.S., Jarzembowski, E., Krogmann, L., Nel, A. and Santiago-Blay, J. Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Insect Systematics & Evolution 44: 2. 111-115 2013

Kania, I., Krzemiński, W. and Azar, D. The oldest representative of Helius Lepeletier & Serville 1828 (Diptera: Limoniidae) from Lebanese amber (Early Cretaceous) Insect Systematics & Evolution 44: 2. 231-238 2013

Azar, D., Engel, M.S., Jarzembowski, E., Krogmann, L., Nel, A. and Santiago-Blay, J. Introduction - Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 1-10 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Coty, D., Salamé, Y., Nel, A. and Azar, D. A new psychodid fly from Mexican amber (Diptera; Psychodidae) Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 13-25 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Choufani, J., Perrichot, V., Girard, V., Garrouste, R., Azar, D. and Nel, A. Two new biting midges of the modern type from Santonian amber of France Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 73-95 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Azar, D. and Nel, A. A new beaded lacewing from a new Lower Cretaceous amber outcrop in Lebanon (Neuroptera: Berothidae) Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 111-130 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Krzemiński, W., Azar, D. and Skibińska, K. Nannotanyderus ansorgi sp. n., the first member of the family Tanyderidae from Lebanese amber (Lower Cretaceous) Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 131-143 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Szwedo, J., Azar, D. and Nohra, Y. First record of Perforissidae from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoroidea) Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 145-163 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Azar, D., Nohra, Y., Iskandar, D. and Gèze, R. Fanar, a "dream" Lebanese Lower Cretaceous amber outcrop, dissipated... Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 176-186 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill isbn:978-90-04-21070-7 2013

Maksoud, S., Granier, B. and Azar, D. Micropalaeontological investigation of the Mdairej Formation or “Falaise de Blanche” 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 88-89 2013

Kachacha, G., Cuny, G., Azar, D. and Abi-Saad, P. Study of two new rays species (Rhinibathidae; Rajiforms) from the Cenomanian limestone of Lebanon New Frontiers in Science, 19th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon. April 5-6, 2013: 5 2013

Salamé, Y., Gèze, R. and Azar D. Cetoniidae (Coleoptera) of Lebanon New Frontiers in Science, 19th LAAS International Science Conference LAAS. Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon. April 5-6, 2013: 6 2013

Coty, D., Salamé, Y., Nel, A. and Azar, D. A new psychodid fly from Mexican amber (Diptera; Psychodidae) 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 45 2013

Choufani, J., Perrichot, V., Girard, V., Garrouste, R., Azar, D. and Nel, A. Two new biting midges of modern type from the Santonian amber of France (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 53, 71 2013

Veltz, I., Paicheler, J.-C., Maksoud, S., Gèze, R. and Azar, D. Context and genesis of the Lebanese ambriferous palaeoenvironments at the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 59 2013

Kirejtshuk, A. and Azar, D. Results of study of Coleoptera (Insecta) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 60 2013

Nohra, Y., Azar, D., Gèze, R., Maksoud, S., El-Samrani, A. and Perrichot, V. New Jurassic amber outcrops from Lebanon 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 61, 76 2013

Maksoud, S., Granier, B. and Azar, D. Micropalaeontological investigation of the Mdairej Formation or “Falaise de Blanche” 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Byblos, Lebanon, April 14-18, 2013: 88-89 2013

Maksoud, S., Granier, B. and Azar, D. Questioning the age and correlations of the Cretaceous formation "Falaise de Blanche" in Lebanon The 9th International Symposium on the Cretaceous system, 1-5 September 2013 METU Faculty of Economic and Administrative Science Building, Ankara, Turkey: 8-9 2013

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Perkovsky, E. A new Sycorax species from Eocene Ukranian Rovno Amber (Diptera: Psychodidae: Sycoracinae) Insect Evolution in an Amberiferous and Stone Alphabet Edited by:D. Azar, M. S. Engel, E. Jarzembowski. L. Krogmann, A. Nel, J. Santiago-Blay. 27-46 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber Brill 2013

Nel, A., Roques, P., Nel, P., Prokin, A.A., Bourgoin, T., Prokop, J., Szwedo, J., Azar, D., Desutter-Grandcolas, L., Wappler, T., Garrouste, R., Coty, D., Huang, D., Engel, M.S. and Kirejtshuk, A.G. The earliest known holometabolous insects Nature 503: 257–261 14 November 2013 2013

The Eumetabola (Endopterygota (also known as Holometabola) plus Paraneoptera)1 have the highest number of species of any clade, and greatly contribute to animal species biodiversity2, 3. The palaeoecological circumstances that favoured their emergence and success remain an intriguing question3, 4, 5, 6. Recent molecular phylogenetic analyses have suggested a wide range of dates for the initial appearance of the Holometabola, from the Middle Devonian epoch (391 million years (Myr) ago) to the Late Pennsylvanian epoch (311 Myr ago7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12), and Hemiptera (310 Myr ago13). Palaeoenvironments greatly changed over these periods, with global cooling and increasing complexity of green forests14. The Pennsylvanian-period crown-eumetabolan fossil record remains notably incomplete15, 16, 17, 18, 19, particularly as several fossils have been erroneously considered to be stem Holometabola1, 15, 20, 21 (Supplementary Information); the earliest definitive beetles are from the start of the Permian period21, 22. The emergence of the hymenopterids, sister group to other Holometabola, is dated between 350 and 309 Myr ago8, 9, 12, incongruent with their current earliest record (Middle Triassic epoch)1, 20. Here we describe five fossilsu2014 a Gzhelian-age stem coleopterid, a holometabolous larva of uncertain ordinal affinity, a stem hymenopterid, and early Hemiptera and Psocodea, all from the Moscovian ageu2014and reveal a notable penecontemporaneous breadth of early eumetabolan insects. These discoveries are more congruent with current hypotheses of clade divergence. Eumetabola experienced episodes of diversification during the Bashkirianu2013Moscovian and the Kasimovianu2013Gzhelian ages. This cladogenetic activity is perhaps related to notable episodes of drying resulting from glaciations, leading to the eventual demise in Euramerica of coal-swamp ecosystems, evidenced by floral turnover during this interval23, 24. These ancient species were of very small size, living in the shadow of Palaeozoic-era u2018giantu2019 insects. Although these discoveries reveal unexpected Pennsylvanian eumetabolan diversity, the lineage radiated more successfully only after the mass extinctions at the end of the Permian period, giving rise to the familiar crown groups of their respective clades.

Vršanský, P., van-de Kamp, T., Azar, D., Prokin, A., Vidlička, L. and Vagovič, P. Cockroaches Probably Cleaned Up after Dinosaurs PLoS ONE 8: 12. 1-11 December 04 2013

Dinosaurs undoubtedly produced huge quantities of excrements. But who cleaned up after them? Dung beetles and flies with rapid development were rare during most of the Mesozoic. Candidates for these duties are extinct cockroaches (Blattulidae), whose temporal range is associated with herbivorous dinosaurs. An opportunity to test this hypothesis arises from coprolites to some extent extruded from an immature cockroach preserved in the amber of Lebanon, studied using synchrotron X-ray microtomography. 1.06% of their volume is filled by particles of wood with smooth edges, in which size distribution directly supports their external pre-digestion. Because fungal pre-processing can be excluded based on the presence of large particles (combined with small total amount of wood) and absence of damages on wood, the likely source of wood are herbivore feces. Smaller particles were broken down biochemically in the cockroach hind gut, which indicates that the recent lignin-decomposing termite and cockroach endosymbionts might have been transferred to the cockroach gut upon feeding on dinosaur feces.

Azar, D. and Nel, A. Evolution of hematophagy in “non-biting midges” (Diptera: Chironomidae) Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 5: 15-34 2012

Nel, P., Azar, D., Prokop, J., Roques, P., Hodebert, G. and Nel, A. From Carboniferous to Recent: wing venation enlightens evolution of thysanopteran lineage Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 10: 2. 385-399 2012

Recent Thysanoptera are characterized by two pairs of slender wings fringed by long hairs and with reduced venation. Fossils presenting more complete venation have been used in earlier studies to link Thysanoptera to u2018Zoropsocinaeu2019, which formwithu2018Lophioneurinaeu2019 the u2018Lophioneuridaeu2019, an extinct family of the superorder Thripida. On the basis of one new Carboniferous fossil described herein, Westphalothripides oudardi sp. nov. (Westphalothripidesidae fam. nov.), as well as new Cretaceousfossils, we revise the current interpretation of venation in Thripida and propose new cladistic analyses, which divide this superorder into three clades: Panthysanoptera nov. (including u2018Zoropsocidaeu2019 stat. rest. and Thysanoptera), Lophioneurida(including u2018Lophioneurinaeu2019 and Moundthripidae), and Westphalothripidesidae. We confirm that the Thysanoptera belong to the superorder Thripida but show that u2018Lophioneuridaeu2019 are paraphyletic. Thanks to the venation observed in fossils,we describe a new character of the wing in some Recent species which allows them to be integrated in phylogenetic studies. Results show two clades inside Thysanoptera: Aeolothripidae + Melanthripidae + Merothripidae, and Thripidae + Stenurothripidae + Fauriellidae. Phlaeothripidae could not be studied due to the absence of the diagnostic wing veins in this family. We discuss the appearance of Thripida within Paraneoptera and particularly the importance of one apomorphy, the reduction of the right mandible as a putative adaptation to spore and pollen piercing.

Azar, D., Iskandar, D., Gèze, R. and El-Samrani, A. Palynological anlayses of four new amber outcrops from Lebanon 18th International Science Meeting, 22-24 March 2012 Edited by:LAAS. Notre Dame University (NDU), Louaizeh, Lebanon: 2012

Nohra, Y., Azar, D., Gèze, R., El-Samrani, A. and Perrichot, V. Jurassic Amber in Lebanon 18th International Science Meeting, 22-24 March 2012 Edited by:LAAS. Notre Dame University (NDU), Louaizeh, Lebanon: 2012

Haddad, N., Charbel, J., Salamé, Y. and Azar, D. A survey of Cetoniidae (Coleoptera) of Lebanon 18th International Science Meeting, 22-24 March 2012 Edited by:LAAS. Notre Dame University (NDU), Louaizeh, Lebanon: 2012

Maksoud, S., Decrouez, D., Gèze, R. and Azar, D. Aptian orbitolinids from two sites in Lebanon 18th International Science Meeting, 22-24 March 2012 Edited by:LAAS. Notre Dame University (NDU), Louaizeh, Lebanon: 2012

Azar, D., El-Halabi, W., Nohra, Y., Maksoud, S., El-Samrani, A. and Gèze, R. New outcrop of amber from Lebanon and Syria 7th Session of the World Amber Council, 18-19 May 2012 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 18-23 World Amber Council 2012

Azar, D. Life in Lower Cretaceous amber forest of Lebanon: a “Guinness Book of Records” 7th Session of the World Amber Council, 18-19 May 2012 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 40-50 World Amber Council 2012

Azar, D. Life in Lower Cretaceous amber forest of Lebanon: a “Guinness Book of Records” 7th Session of the World Amber Council, 18-19 May 2012 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 40-50 World Amber Council 2012

Azar, D. The 6th International Congress on Fossil Insects, Arthropods, and Amber, Lebanon – April 2013 7th Session of the World Amber Council, 18-19 May 2012 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 16-17 World Amber Council 2012

Azar, D. Lebanese amber: a "Guinness Book of Records" Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis, Folia 111: 44-60 2012

Azevedo, C.O. and Azar, D. A new fossil subfamily of Bethylidae (Hymenoptera) from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber and its phylogenetic position Zoologia 29: 3. 210-218 2012

Petrolevičius, J.F., Martins-Neto, R.G., Azar, D. and Nel, A. Full description of Cordulagomphus primaerensis from Santana Formation (Lower Cretaceous of Brazil) (Odonata: Aeshnoptera: Proterogomphidae) Zootaxa 3503: 55-60 2012

Azar, D., Dejax, J. and Masure, E. Palynological analysis of amber-bearing clay from the Lower Cretaceous of Central Lebanon Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 85: 4. 942-949 2011

An amber-bearing lignitic layer of sandy clay from the Lower Cretaceous of Central Lebanon (Mderej-Hammâna) yielded a well-preserved, moderately variegated palynoflora, which origin is mixed between land plants and marine microflora. Its detailed analysis led to fulfill its inventory, to propose a paleoenvironmental reconstruction, and to draw the paleoclimate which prevailed over the region: an estuarian area under a rather humid, temperate climate; a variety of ferns grew near the shore-side and in the inward land. A tiny piece of amber containing angiospermous pollen grains of stratigraphical interest allows a precise dating. The marine microflora, poorly diversified, includeschitinous foraminifer linings and dinoflagellate cysts, among which Early Aptian guide taxa are present; their occurrence slightly narrows the stratigraphical range indicated by some palynological taxa which are related to land plants.

Engel, M.S., Ortega-Blanco, J. and Azar, D. The earliest earwigs in amber (Dermaptera): A new genus and species from the Early Cretaceous of Lebanon Insect Systematics & Evolution 42: 2. 139-148 2011

Rhadinolabis phoenicica Engel, Ortega-Blanco & Azar gen. et sp.n. is described and fi gured from two female earwigs preserved in Early Cretaceous amber from Lebanon, representing the oldest Dermaptera in amber. In addition a partial nymph is recorded from the same deposits. Th e placement of the genus among Neodermaptera is briefl y discussed.

Choufani, J., Azar, D. and Nel, A. The oldest amphientomete booklouce from Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Psocodea: Troctomorpha) Insect Systematics & Evolution 42: 2. 149-159 2011

Libanomphientomum nudus gen. et sp.n. is described and assigned to Amphientometae, possibly Amphientomidae, but it is devoid of scales on body and wings, which is very unlikely in this family, questioning the diagnostic value of this character for the family. Th is fossil provides evidence that the Amphientometae are an old group and that their evolutionary history was more complex than previously thought

Szwedo, J., Azar, D. and Ziadé, K. The first Progonocimicidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha) from Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber Insect Systematics & Evolution 42: 2. 161-177 2011

Ilahulgabalus endaidus gen. sp.n. (Progonocimicidae: Cicadocorinae) the fi rst representative of Coleorrhyncha from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon is described. Th e placement of the new taxon within Coleorrhyncha and the evolutionary history of the suborder are discussed.

Azar, D., Gèze, R. and El-Samrani, A. New outcrop of Amber in Lebanon 6th Session of the World Amber Council, 27-28 May 2011 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 6-8 Amber World Council 2011

Azar, D., Roy, J-C., Garrouste, R., Nel, A., El-Samrani, A., Bichain, J-M. and D'Haese, C.A. The discovery of the most northern amber outcrop in Spitsbergen 6th Session of the World Amber Council, 27-28 May 2011 Edited by:City Council in Gdansk. 9-12 World Amber Council 2011

Choufani, J., Azar, D., Perrichot, V., Soriano, C., Tafforeau, P. and Nel, A. The genus Leptoconops Skuse (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Early Cretaceous Charentese amber Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 91: 4 2011

A new species of biting midge is described and figured based on five females from the uppermost Albian amber of France. One specimen preserved in opaque amber was reconstructed by propagation phase contrast X-ray synchrotron microtomography, allowing for detailed observation of minute external features. Leptoconops daugeroni Choufani, Azar and Nel, sp. nov. can be attributed to thegroup of subgenera [Holoconops Kieffer (Ann Hist-Nat Mus Natl Hung 16:31u2013136, 1918)+(Megaconops Wirth and Atchley+Leptoconops s. str. + Proleptoconops Clastrier (Parassitologia 16:231u2013238, 1974))], making inference on its palaeoecology possible, with larvae of this clade living in moist and usually saline sandy soil on coastal and inland beaches, which is congruent with the current reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment of this amber deposit.

Azar, D. and Nel, A. The oldest psyllipsocid booklice, in Lower Cretaceous amber from Lebanon (Psocodea, Trogiomorpha, Psocathropetae, Psyllipsocidae) ZooKeys 130: 153–165 2011

Libanopsyllipsocus alexanderasnitsyni gen. et sp. n., of Psyllipsocidae is described and figured from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon. The position of the new taxon is discussed and the fossil is compared to other psyllipsocids. The species represents the earliest record of the family Psyllipsocidae.

Wang, B., Zhang, H. and Azar, D. The first Psychodidae (Insecta: Diptera) from the lower Eocene Fushun amber of China Journal of Paleontology 85: 5. 1154-1159 2011

Trichomyia duckhousei, a new species belonging to Psychodidae Trichomyiinae, is characterized and described based on a well-preserved specimen from the lower Eocene Fushun amber of China. It shares some similarities with Trichomyia of Group B, but has some features present in the fossil record but not in Recent taxa, such as non-eccentric flagellomeres and long legs. This discovery represents the first Trichomyiinae (Psychodidae) from the Fushun amber, and adds more evidence on the very high palaeodiversity of the psychodids since at least the middle Cretaceous. An updated check list of fossil Trichomyiinae is given.

Kirejtshuk, A.G., Azar, D. and Montreuil, O. First Mesozoic representative of the subfamily Liparochrinae (Coleoptera: Hybosoridae) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber Zoosystematica Rossica 20: 1. 62–70 2011

One specimen among coleopterous inclusions recently recovered in Lebanese amber is described as Libanochrus calvus gen. et sp. nov. and assigned to the subfamily Liparochrinae of the Hybosoridae. This specimen is incomplete but a large part of its head with appendages, prothoracic segment with anterior legs, remains of the median part of the pterothoracic underside and the lateral base of the of the right elytron make possible the conclusion on the subfamily attribution and diagnose it among the rest of fossil and recent taxa of this family. At present it is the oldest representative of the subfamily.

Perrichot, V., Ortega-Blanco, J., McKellar, R.C., Delclòs, X., Azar, D., Nel, A., Tafforeau, P. and Engel, M.S. New and revised maimetshid wasps from Cretaceous ambers (Hymenoptera, Maimetshidae) ZooKeys 130: 421–453 2011

New material of the wasp family Maimetshidae (Apocrita) is presented from four Cretaceous amber deposit u2013 the Neocomian of Lebanon, the Early Albian of Spain, the latest Albian/earliest Cenomanian of France, and the Campanian of Canada. The new record from Canadian Cretaceous amber extends the temporal and paleogeographical range of the family. New material from France is assignable to Guyotemaimetshaenigmatica Perrichot et al. including the first females for the species, while a series of males and females from Spain are described and figured as Iberomaimetsha Ortega-Blanco, Perrichot & Engel, gen. n., with the two new species Iberomaimetsha rasnitsyni Ortega-Blanco, Perrichot & Engel, sp. n. and I. nihtmara Ortega-Blanco, Delclٍs & Engel, sp. n.; a single female from Lebanon is described and figuredas Ahiromaimetsha najlae Perrichot, Azar, Nel & Engel, gen. et sp. n., and a single male from Canada is described and figured as Ahstemiam cellula McKellar & Engel, gen. et sp. n. The taxa are compared with other maimetshids, a key to genera and species is given, and brief comments made on the family.

Engel, M.S., Nel., A., Azar, D., Soriano, C., Néraudeau, D., Colin, J.-P. and Perrichot, V. New, primitive termites (Isoptera) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon. Palaeodiversity 4: 39-49 2011

Three new genera and species of primitive termites (Isoptera) are described and fi gured from Early Cretaceous French and Lebanese ambers: Santonitermes chloeae ENGEL, NEL & PERRICHOT, n. gen., n. sp., from an imago preserved in Charentese amber (Albianu2013Cenomanian); Syagriotermes salomeae ENGEL, NEL & PERRICHOT, n. gen., n. sp., from an alate detected in opaque amber from the same locality and reconstructed using synchrotron microtomographic imaging; and Lebanotermes veltzae ENGEL, AZAR & NEL, n. gen., n. sp., from an alate preserved in Lebaneseamber (Aptian). The three genera exhibit primitive features of the Meiatermes-grade of early isopteran genera (sensu ENGEL et al. 2009). In addition, three further fragmentary specimens from Lebanon amber are reported, each apparently distinct from Lebanotermes n. gen. and the previously described Melqartitermes ENGEL et al., 2007. The new fossils further document the diversity and morphological disparity of u2018loweru2019 termite groups during the Early Cretaceous, highlighting the importance of palaeontological material for understanding isopteran phylogeny as well as the diversifi cation of Isoptera in the latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous.

Azar, D., Nel., A., Engel, M.S., Garrouste, R. and Matocq, A. A new family of Coreoidea from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese Amber (Hemiptera: Pentatomomorpha). Polish Journal of Entomology 80: 627-644 2011

A new genus and species, Yuripopovina magnifica, belonging to a new coreoid family, Yuripopovinidae (Hemiptera: Pentatomomorpha), is described and illustrated from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon. The species represents the first definitive Mesozoic record for the Coreoidea. A cladistic analysis of Coreoidea, including the new family, is undertaken.

Ouvrard, D., Burckhardt, D., Azar, D. and Grimaldi, D. Non-jumping plant lice in Cretaceous amber (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Psylloidea) Systematic Entomology 35: 172–180 2010

Liadopsylla apedetica sp.n. Ouvrard, Burckhardt & Azar and L. hesperia sp.n. Ouvrard & Burckhardt are described from Lebanon and New Jersey amber, respectively, constituting the first descriptions of Psylloidea preserved in Cretaceous amber. Liadopsylla hesperia is the first representative of Liadopsyllidae found in the New World. Liadopsylla apedetica is remarkably well preserved, showing conical, mobile metacoxae. This suggests that Liadopsyllidae did not jump the way extant psyllids do. It is proposed that enlarged metacoxae fused with the complex metathoracic furcae constitute a synapomorphy of extant Psylloidea. This trait was first observed in fossils from the Eocene. As such, the inability to jump in a few extant members of Psylloidea is a secondary loss that probably occurred several times independently. The families Liadopsyllidae and Malmopsyllidae are also redefined; within Liadopsyllidae, the genus Mesopsylla is synonymized with Liadopsylla. The origin and palaeobiogeography of the Liadopsyllidae are briefly discussed.

Azar, D., Prokop, J. and Nel, A. The first damsel fly from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Odonata, Zygoptera, Lestomorpha) Alavesia 3: 73-79 2010

We report the discovery of the first damselfly in the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon. This damselfl y is somehow similar in size and wing shape to the Mesozoic hemiphlebiid of Russia, England, Jordan and Brazil which suggests that the group of small lestid-like Zygoptera was widespread and well diverse during that period and probably very old. Zygoptera are a phantom group between the Late Triassic, their probable time of appearance, and the Upper Jurassic, period of their first diversification.

Nel, A., Petrulevičius, J.F. and Azar, D. Palaeoentomology, a young old field of science Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 1-3 2010

Azar, D., Nel, A., Coty, D. and Garrouste, R. The second fossil ceratocombid bug from the Miocene amber of Chiapas (Mexico) (Hemiptera: Ceratocombidae) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 100-102 2010

Azar, D., Engel, M.S. and Grimaldi, D.A. A new genus of sphaeropsocid bark lice from the Early Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Psocodea: Sphaeropsocidae) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 103-107 2010

Nel, P., Peñalver, E., Azar, D., Hodebert, G. and Nel, A. Modern thrips families Thripidae and Phlaeothripidae in Early Cretaceous amber (Insecta: Thysanoptera) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 154-163 2010

Azar, D. and Nel, A. The earliest fossil schizopterid bug (Insecta: Heteroptera) in the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 193-197 2010

Azar, D. and Nel, A. Two new non-biting midges from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Diptera: Chironomidae) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 198-203 2010

Nel, A., Azar, D., and Hervet, S. A new rhopalosomatid wasps in the Paleocene of France (Hymenoptera) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 211-215 2010

Azar, D. and Waller, A. Redescription of Eatonisca tertiaria Meunier 1905 from Baltic amber (Diptera: Psychodidae: Trichomyiinae) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 237-241 2010

Nel, A., Nel, P., Petrulevičius, J.F., Perrichot, V., Prokop, J. and Azar, D. The Wagner Parsimony using morphological characters: a new method for palaeosynecological studies Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 46: 1-2. 276-292 2010

Azar, D., Gèze, R. and Acra, F. Chapter 14: Lebanese amber Biodiversity of Fossils in Amber from the Major World Deposits Edited by:Penney, D.. 271-298 Siri Scientific Press, Manchester isbn:978-0-9558636-4-6 2010

Azar, D., Gèze, R., El-Samrani, A., Maalouly, J. and Nel, A. Jurassic Amber in Lebanon Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84: 4. 977-983 2010

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Petrolevičius, J.F. First psocodean (Psocodea, Empheriidae) from the Cretaceous amber of New Jersey Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84: 4. 762-767 2010

Petrolevičius, J.F., Azar, D. and Nel, A. A new thorny lacewing (Insecta: Neuroptera: Rhachiberothidae) from the Early Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Neuroptera). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84: 4. 828-833 2010

Azar, D. and Gèze, R. Odkrycie jurajskiego bursztynu w Libanie XVI Seminarium Bursztynu w Geologii I Archeologii 32-34 Międzynarodowe Targi Gdańskie SA, Muzeum Ziemi w Warszawie, AMBERIF 2010, 13 Marca. Gdańsk 2010

Azar, D. and Gèze, R. The discovery of Jurassic amber in Lebanon The 17th Seminar on Amber in Geology and Archeology 32-34 Gdańsk International Fair Co, The Museum of the Earth in Warsaw, AMBERIF 2010, 13 March . Gdańsk 2010

Vullo, R., Girard, V., Azar, D. and Néraudeau, D. Mammalian hairs in Early Cretaceous amber Naturwissenschaften 97: 7. 683-687 2010

Soriano, C., Archer, M., Azar, D., Creaser, P., Delclòs, X., Godthelp, H., Hand, S., Jones, A., Nel, A., Néraudeau, D., Ortega-Blanco, J., Pérez-de la Fuente, R., Perrichot, V., Saupe, E., Solórzano Kraemer, M. and Tafforeau, P. Synchrotron X-ray imaging of inclusions in amber Comptes Rendus Palevol 9: 6-7. 361-368 2010

Montreuil, O., Indary, S. and Azar, D. Eupotosia mirifica koenigi (Reitter, 1894), sous-espèce réhabilitée au Liban (Coleoptera, Cetoniidae) Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 115: 3. 393-395 2010

Azar, D. , Gèze, R., El-Samrani, A., Maalouly, J., and Nel, A. Jurassic amber in Lebanon: finally a “Jurassic Park”? Fossils x3: 5th International Conference on Fossil Insects; 4th World Congress on Amber Inclusions; 4th International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology, Beijing-China, 20th – 25th of August 2010: 39 2010

Choufani, J. and Azar, D. A new Amphientomid booklouse from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber Fossils x3: 5th International Conference on Fossil Insects; 4th World Congress on Amber Inclusions; 4th International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology, Beijing-China, 20th – 25th of August 2010: 42 2010

Nel, A., Nel, P., Petrolevičius, J.F., Perrichot, V., Prokop, J. and Azar, D. The Wagner Parsimony using morphological characters: a new method for palaeosynecological studies Fossils x3: 5th International Conference on Fossil Insects; 4th World Congress on Amber Inclusions; 4th International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology, Beijing-China, 20th – 25th of August 2010: 88 2010

Azar, D., Gèze, R., El-Samrani, A., Maalouly, J. and Nel, A. Jurassic amber in Lebanon: finally a “Jurassic Park”? Fossils x3: 5th International Conference on Fossil Insects; 4th World Congress on Amber Inclusions; 4th International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology, Beijing-China, 20th – 25th of August 2010: 109 2010

Azar, D. Lebanese amber: latest news and discoveries Fossils x3: 5th International Conference on Fossil Insects; 4th World Congress on Amber Inclusions; 4th International Meeting on Continental Palaeoarthropodology, Beijing-China, 20th – 25th of August 2010: 110 2010

Azar, D. and Gèze, R. Fossil Insects and their Outcrops in Lebanon : Geology, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironment 2 ièmes Journées Scientifiques de l’Ecole Doctorale des Sciences et Technologie. Lebanese University, Rafic Hariri Campus, Hadath – Lebanon 8, 9 and 10 December 2010: 123-124 2010

Nel, A., Azar, D. and Petrulevičius, J.F. Fossil Insects Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (Nouvelle série) 46: 1-2 isbn:2-912703-12-3 2010

Kirejtshuk, A.G., Azar, D., Beaver, R.A., Mandelshtam, M. Yu. and Nel, A. The most ancient bark beetle known: a new tribe, genus and species from Lebanese amber (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae) Systematic Entomology 34: 101-112 2009

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Néraudeau, D. A new Cretaceous psocodean family from the Charente-Maritime amber (France) (Insecta, Psocodea, Psocomorpha) Geodiversitas 31: 1. 117-127 2009

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Waller, A. Two new Ptiloneuridae from Colombian copal (Psocodea: Psocomorpha) Denisia 26: 29–34 2009

Azar, D., Waller, A. and Nel, A. A phantom midge from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Diptera, Chaoboridae) Denisia 26: 29–34 2009

Kirejtshuk, A.G., Azar, D., Tafforeau, P., Boistel, R. and Frenandez, V. New beetles of Polyphaga (Coleoptera, Polyphaga) from Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber Denisia 26: 119–130 2009

Lak, M., Fleck, G., Azar, D., Engel, M.S., Kaddumi, H. F., Néraudeau, D., Tafforeau, P. and Nel, A. 2009. Phase contrast X-ray synchrotron microtomography and the oldest damselflies in amber (Odonata: Zygoptera: Hemiphlebiidae) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156: 913–923 2009

Kirejtshuk, A.G. and Azar, D. Potentials of synchrotron: a new window to ancient world of insects.Annual Scientific Sessions Reports of reguls of 2008. Abstracts. 7-9 April 2009. St. Petersburg 16-17 2009

Mukherjee, A.J., Roßberger, E., James, M.A., Pfälzner, P., Higgitt, C.L., White, R., Peggie, D.A. and Azar, D. The Qatna lion: scientific confirmation of Baltic amber in late Bronze Age Syria Antiquity 82: 315. 49-59 2008

Delclòs, X., Nel, A., Azar, D., Bechly, G., Dunlop, J.A., Engel, M.S. and Heads, S.W. The enigmatic Mesozoic insect taxon Chresmodidae (Polyneoptera): New palaeobiological and phylogenetic data, with the description of a new species from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 247: 3. 353-381 2008

Azar, D. and Engel, M. S. A sphaeropsocid bark louse in Late Cretaceous amber from Siberia (Psocoptera: Sphaeropsocidae) Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 111: (1-2). 141-146 2008

Huang, D.-Y., Nel, A., Azar, D. and Nel, P. Phylogenetic relationships of the Mesozoic paraneopteran family Archipsyllidae (Insecta: Psocodea) Geobios 41: 461-464 2008

Azar, D. Lebanese amber: “an exceptional window to the Past” Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie Lyon 164: 11 2008

Azar, D. Newest information on fossil insects’ outcropos in Lebanon Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie Lyon 164: 12-13 2008

Azar, D., Veltz, I. and Nel, A. Mandibulate chironomids: primitive or derived?(Diptera: Chironomidae) Systematic Entomology 33: 688–699 2008

Jarzembowski, E.A., Azar, D. and Nel, A. A new chironomid (Insecta: Diptera) from Wealden amber(Lower Cretaceous) of the Isle of Wight (UK) Geologica Acta 6: 3. 285-291 2008

Azar, D. and Nel, A. First Tridactylidae from the Eocene French amber(Insecta: Orthoptera) Alavesia 2: 169-175 2008

Koteja, J. and Azar, D. Scale insects from Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon(Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccinea) Alavesia 2: 133-167 2008

Kirejtshuk, A.G. and Azar, D. New taxa of beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) from Lebanese amber withevolutionary and systematic comments Alavesia 2: 15-46 2008

Azar, D. and Nel, A. First Baltic amber megapodagrionid damselfl y(Odonata: Zygoptera) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 44: 4. 451-457 2008

Azar, D., Hajar, L., Indary, C. and Nel, A. Paramesopsocidae, a new Mesozoic psocid family (Insecta: Psocodea “Psocoptera”: Psocomorpha) Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 44: 4. 459-470 2008

Azar, D. Preservation and accumulation of biological inclusions in Lebanese amber and their significance Comptes rendus Palevol, vol. 6, nb. 1-2, p. 151-156 2007

Azar, D., Adaymeh, C. and Jreich, N. Paleopsychoda zherikhini, a new Cretaceous species of moth flies from Taimyr amber (Diptera: Psychodidae: Psychodinae) African Invertebrates, vol. 48, nb. 1, p. 163-168 2007

Veltz, I., Azar, D., and Nel, A. New chironomid flies in Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Diptera: Chironomidae) African Invertebrates, vol. 48, nb. 1, p. 169-191 2007

Azar, D., Tahchy, A. and Perrichot, V. The oldest Sycoracinae (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the French Cretaceous amber Alavesia 1: 1-5 2007

Azar, D. Lebanese amber: Latest news and discoveries Fossils x3: IVth International Congress of Palaeoentomology; IIIrd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; IIIrd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, 4th – 9th of May 2007: 62 2007

Azar, D. Lebanese amber – age and outcrops XIVth Seminar : Deposits of Amber and Other Fossil Resins Throughout the World (XIV seminarium: O złożach bursztynu I innych żywic kopalnych na świecie)– Amberif 2007 Gdank, the 14th International Fair of Amber, Jewellery and Gemstones 14-18th of March 2007: 24 2007

Krzemiński, W., Krzemińska, E., Azar, D. and Nel, A. Origin and Evolution of the Genus Thaumastoptera (Mik) (Diptera) Fossils x3: IVth International Congress of Palaeoentomology; IIIrd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; IIIrd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, 4th – 9th of May 2007: 110 2007

Kirejshuk, A. G. and Azar, D. On Coleoptera (Insecta) from Lebanese Amber with evolutionary and systematic comments Fossils x3: IVth International Congress of Palaeoentomology; IIIrd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; IIIrd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, 4th – 9th of May 2007: 102 2007

Azar, D., Gèze, R. and Ziadé, K. Fossil Insects’ Outcrop in Lebanon Fossils x3: IVth International Congress of Palaeoentomology; IIIrd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; IIIrd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, 4th – 9th of May 2007: 204-206 2007

Nel, P., Azar, D. and Nel, A. A new ‘primitive’ family of thrips from Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Insecta, Thysanoptera) Cretaceous Research 28: 1033-1038 2007

Buffetaut, E., Azar, D., Nel, A., Ziadé, K., and Acra, A. First nonavian dinosaur from Lebanon: a brachiosaurid sauropod from the Lower Cretaceous of the Jezzine District Die Naturwissenschaften, vol. 93, nb. 9, p. 440-443 2006

Krell, F.-T., Ballerio, A., Buckley, R. T. and Azar, D. Weird scarabs from Cretaceous Lebanese and Myanmar amber The Third, Highly Irregular, Scarab Workshop. Fresno, California, USA, May 3-4, 2006: 5 2006

Azar, D. and Ziadé, K. Xenopsychoda harbi, a new psychodoid fly from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Diptera; Psychodoidea) Comptes rendus – Palevol 4: 25-30 2005

Nel, A., Perrichot, V. and Azar, D. New and poorly known fossil Coniopterygidae (Insecta: Neuroptera) Annales Zoologici, vol. 55, nb. 1, p. 1-7 2005

Nel, A., Perrichot, V., Azar, D. and Néraudeau, D. New Rhachiberothidae (Insecta: Neuroptera) in early Cretaceous and early Eocene ambers from France and Lebanon Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, Stuttgart 235 (1): 51-85 2005

Lefebvre, F., Vincent, B., Azar, D. and Nel, A. The oldest Euaesthetinae in the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Insecta, Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) Cretaceous Research 26: 207-211 2005

Nel, A., Perrichot, V., Azar, D., and Néraudeau, D. A replacement name for the neuropteran genus Eorhachiberotha Nel et al., 2005 (Neuroptera: Rhachiberothidae) Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France , vol. 110, nb. 2, p. 128 2005

Nel, A. and Azar, D. The oldest parasitic Scelionidae: Teleasinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea) Polskie Pismo Entomologiszne, vol. 74, nb. 3, p. 333-338 2005

Veltz, I., Azar, D. and Nel, A. New chironomid flies from the Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Diptera: Chironomidae) In: Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions), Programme and Abstracts. Pretoria, South Africa, 7th-11th february 2005: 37. 2005

Azar, D., Adaymé, C. and Jreich, N. The discovery of a new cretaceous species of Paleopsychoda Azar et al. 1999 from Taimyr amber (Diptera; Psychodidae; Psychodinae) Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions), Programme and Abstracts. Pretoria, South Africa, 7th-11th february 2005: 12. 2005

Azar, D., Hajar, L. and Indary, C. A new mesozoic fossil family of Psocoptera (Insecta: Psocoptera: Psocomorpha) In: Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions), Programme and Abstracts. Pretoria, South Africa, 7th-11th february 2005: 12. 2005

Nel, A., Delclòs, X., Béthoux, O. and Azar, D. Chresmoda, an enigmatic Mesozoic insect that are finally placed Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions), Programme and Abstracts. Pretoria, South Africa, 7th-11th february 2005: 48 2005

Azar, D., Ziadé, K. and Gèze, R. Fossil insects outcrops in Lebanon Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions), Programme and Abstracts. Pretoria, South Africa, 7th-11th february 2005: 13 2005

Azar, D. Lebanese amber: an exceptional trip into the Past Fossils x3 : Insects, Arthropods and Amber (3rd International Congress of Palaeoentomology; 2nd International Meeting on Palaeoarthropodology; 2nd World Congress on Amber and its Inclusions), Programme and Abstracts. Pretoria, South Africa, 7th-11th february 2005: 42 2005

A. Nel, G. De Ploëg and D. Azar The oldest Liposcelididae from the lowermost Eocene of the Paris basin (Insecta : Psocoptera) Geologica Acta, vol. 2, nb. 1, p. 31-36 2004

Barale, G. and Azar, D. Cuticules végétales dans le Crétacé inférieur du Sud du Liban Comptes Rendus Palevol, vol. 3, nb. 2, p. 119-124 2004

Nel, A., Azar, D., Martínez-Delclòs, X. and Makhoul, E. A new Upper Cretaceous species of Chresmoda from Lebanon - a latest representative of Chresmodidae (Insecta: Polyneoptera inc. sed.): first record of homeotic mutations in the fossil record of insects European Journal of Entomology, vol. 101, nb. 1, p. 145-151 2004

Deans, A. D., Basibuyuk, H. H., Azar, D. and Nel, A. Descriptions of two new ensign wasp (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) genera from Lebanese amber Cretaceous Research 25: 509-516 2004

Azar, D. and Nel, A. Four new Psocoptera from Lebanese amber (Insecta: Psocomorpha: Trogiomorpha). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, vol. 40, nb. 2, p. 185-192 2004

Nguyen Duy-Jaquemin, M. and Azar, D. The oldest record of Polyxenida (Diplopoda, Myriapoda), new discoveries from the cretaceous amber of Lebanon and France Geodiversitas, vol. 26, nb. 4, p. 631-641 2004

Azar, D. and Nel, A. Fossil Psychodoid flies and their relation to parasitic diseases Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Rio de Janeiro 97: suppl. 1. 35-37 2003

Azar, D., Perrichot, V., Néraudeau, D., and Nel, A. New psychodid flies from the Cretaceous ambers of Lebanon and France, with a discussion about Eophlebotomus connectens Cockerell, 1920 (Diptera, Psychodidae) Annals of the American Society of America, vol. 96, nb. 2, p. 117-127 2003

Lukashevich, E and Azar, D.. First Eopterichopteridae (Insecta : Diptera) from early Cretaceous Lebanese Amber Acta Zoologica Cracoviensa, vol. 46, nb. suppl. u2013 Fossil Insects, p. 195-204 2003

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Gèze, R. Use of amber fossil inclusions in palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, dating and palaeobiogeography Acta Zoologica Cracoviensa , vol. 46, nb. suppl. u2013 Fossil Insects, p. 393-398 2003

Perrichot, V., Azar, D., Néraudeau, D. and Nel, A. New Psocoptera in the Lower Cretaceous ambers of southwestern France and Lebanon (Insecta: Psocoptera: Trogiomorpha) Geological Magazine, vol. 140, nb. 6, p. 669-683 2003

D. Azar Forensic Entomology: Research Program and application in Lebanon Abstracts of the First Arab Meeting of the Lebanese Society of Forensic Medecine, Beirut from 18th-20th September 2003: 32 2003

Nel, A., Martínez-Delclòs, X. and Azar, D A new ensign-fly (Hymenoptera : Evaniidae) from the Lower-Middle Miocene Dominican amber Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France , vol. 107, nb. 3, p. 217-221 2002

Arnolds, E. N., Azar, D., Ineich, I. and Nel, A The oldest reptile in amber : a 120 million year old lizard from Lebanon Journal of Zoology, London 258: 7-10 2002

Perrichot, V., Néraudeau, D., Azar, D., Menier, J.-J. and Nel, A Fossile mole cricket in the Lower Cretaceous amber of Charente-Maritimes (SW France) (Orthoptera, Gryllotalpidae) Cretaceous Research 23: 307-314. 2002

Azar, D. and Nel, A. New Cretaceous psychodid flies from Lebanese amber and Santana Formation (Chapada do Araripe, Brazil). (Diptera) Annals de la Société Entomologique de France , vol. 38, nb. 3, p. 253-262 2002

Azar, D. & Nel, A. Utilization of fossil inclusions in amber to determine the geological age and the paleoenvironment Abstract Volume of the Second International Congress on Palaeoentomology, Krakow, Poland : 8-9 2001

Koteja, J & Azar, D. Lower Cretaceous Scale Insects. (Hemiptera : Coccinea) from the Hammana outcrops in Central Lebanon Abstract Volume of the Second International Congress on Palaeoentomology, Krakow, Poland : 30-31 2001

Heie, O. and Azar, D. Two new species of aphids found in Lebanese amber and a revision of the family Tajmyraphididae Kononova, 1975 (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha) Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 93, nb. 6, p. 1222-1225 2000

Azar, D., Nel, A. and Solignac, M A new Coniopterygidae from Lebanese amber Acta geologica Hispanica, vol. 35, nb. 1-2, p. 31-36 2000

Azar, D. L'ambre mésozoïque du Liban Université Paris XI (Orsay, Paris – FRANCE). 2000

Azar, D., Nel, A., Solignac, M., Paicheler, J-C. and Bouchet. F. New genera and species of phlebotomid and psychodid flies from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Insecta: Diptera: Phlebotomidae, Psychodidae) Palaeontology, vol. 42, nb. 6, p. 1101-1136 1999

Azar, D., Fleck, G., Nel, A. and Solignac, M. A new enicocephalid bug, Enicocephalinus acragrimaldii, gen. nov., sp. nov., from the lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon. (Insecta, Heteroptera, Enicocephalidae) Estudios del Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava, vol. 14, nb. Número especial 2, p. 217-230 1999

Gèze, R. and Azar, D. Paléoenvironnement des gisements lignitifères à ambre du Mésozoïque Fourth International Conference on the Geology of the Middle East. pp: 122. 1999

Dejax, J., Masure, E. and Azar, D. Analyse palynologique d'échantillons de sédiment du Jurassique Supérieur et du Crétacé inférieur du Liban Fourth International Conference on the Geology of the Middle East. 121-122 1999

Dejax, J., Masure, E. and Azar, D. Analyse palynologique dans le Jurassique Supérieur et le Crétacé Inférieur du Liban. XVIème Symposium de L'Association des Palynologues de Langue Francaise. Liège 1999. pp : 43 1999

Azar, D. Utilisation des insectes fossiles de l’ambre pour déterminer l’âge des couches géologiques encaissantes et le Paléoenvironnement Vème Congrès des Etudiants au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle. Paris 19-21 octobre 1999. pp: 68-69 1999

Azar, D. Lebanese Lower Cretaceous amber: "an exceptional window to the past" World Congress on Amber Inclusions. 20 - 23 Octobre : 139 1998

Azar, D. L'ambre du Crétacé Inférieur du Liban: "une fenêtre exceptionnelle sur le passé" Ecole Doctorale, La Logique du Vivant. -Journées Boris Ephrussi- 20 et 21 Avril 1998: 20-21 1998

Azar, D. , Nel, A. and Solignac, M. The phlebotomid and psychodid flies from the Lower Cretaceous Amber of Lebanon. (Insecta: Diptera: Phlebotomidae, Psychodidae) World Congress on Amber Inclusions. 20 - 23 Octobre : 79 1998

Azar, D. and Nel, A. Preparation and preservation of fossil inclusions in amber World Congress on Amber Inclusions. 20 - 23 Octobre : 137 1998

Azar, D. Lebanese Lower Cretaceous Amber: "an exceptional window to the past" World Congress on Amber Inclusions. 20 - 23 Octobre : 139 1998

Azar, D. A new method for extracting vegetal and insect fossils from the Lebanese amber Palaeontology, vol. 40, nb. 4, p. 1027-1029 1997

Azar, D. Lebanese Amber Meganeura, 1: 26-27 1997

Dejax, J., Masure, E. and Azar, D. Analyse palynologique de deux échantillons de sédiment du Crétacé inférieur du Liban XVème Symposium de L'Association des Palynologues de Langue Française. Lyon 1-3 septembre 1997: 20-21 1997

Dejax, J., Masure, E. and Azar, D. Analyse palynologique d'un échantillon de sédiment du Crétacé inférieur du Liban Strata, 1 (8): 66-67 1996

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