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Mahmoud Mohamad El Homsi

Associate professor
Life & Earth Sciences department - Section I - Hadath
Speciality: Biology
Specific Speciality: Biologie generale

Teaching 7 Taught Courses
(2014-2015) BioA 400 - Informative Molecules and Signal Transduction

M1 Applied Animal Science

(2014-2015) BioA 401 - Informative Molecules and Signal Transduction Lab

M1 Applied Animal Science

(2014-2015) BioA 403 - Cancerology lab

M1 Applied Animal Science

(2014-2015) Biol 100 - Cellular Biology and General Histology (animal and plant)

BS Earth and life sciences

(2014-2015) MDFS 514 - Molecular and cellular Pathology

M2 Molecular Diagnostic and Forensic Sciences

(2014-2015) GNSA 580 - Master thesis

M2 Genomics and Health

(2014-2015) MDFS 580 - Training

M2 Molecular Diagnostic and Forensic Sciences

Publications 3 publications
El Homsi M1, Ducroc R, Claustre J, Jourdan G, Gertler A, Estienne M, Bado A, Scoazec JY, Plaisancié P. Leptin modulates the expression of secreted and membrane-associated mucins in colonic epithelial cells by targeting PKC, PI3K, and MAPK pathways. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2007

Mucins play an essential role in the protection and repair of gastrointestinal mucosa. We recently showed that luminal leptin strongly stimulated mucin secretion in vivo in rat colon. In the present study, we challenged the hypothesis that leptin may act directly on goblet cells to induce mucin expression in rat and human intestinal mucin-producing cells (DHE and HT29-MTX). The endoluminal effect of leptin was also studied in vivo in rat perfused colon model. The presence of leptin receptors was demonstrated in the two cell lines by Western blot and RT-PCR. In rat DHE cells, leptin (0.01-10 nmol/l, 60 min) dose dependently increased the secretion of mucins (210 +/- 3% of controls) and the expression of Muc2, Muc3, and Muc4 (twofold basal level) but not of Muc1 and Muc5AC. Luminal perfusion of leptin (60 min, 0.1-100 nmol/l) in rat colon also increased the mRNA level of Muc2, Muc3, and Muc4 but not of Muc1. In human HT29-MTX cells, leptin (0.01-10 nmol/l, 60 min) dose dependently enhanced MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC4 mRNA levels. These effects were prevented by pretreatment of cells with the leptin mutein L39A/D40A/F41A, which acts as a receptor antagonist. Finally, pathway inhibition experiments suggest that leptin increased mucin expression by activating PKC-, phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase-, and MAPK-dependent pathways but not the JAK/STAT pathway. In conclusion, leptin may contribute significantly to membrane-associated and secreted mucin production via a direct stimulation of colonic epithelial cells and the activation of leptin receptors. These data are consistent with a role for leptin in regulation of the intestinal barrier function.

Plaisancie P1, Ducroc R, El Homsi M, Tsocas A, Guilmeau S, Zoghbi S, Thibaudeau O, Bado A. Luminal leptin activates mucin-secreting goblet cells in the large bowel. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2006

Leptin has been suggested to be involved in tissue injury and/or mucosal defence mechanisms. Here, we studied the effects of leptin on colonic mucus secretion and rat mucin 2 (rMuc2) expression. Wistar rats and ob/ob mice were used. Secretion of mucus was followed in vivo in the rat perfused colon model. Mucus secretion was quantified by ELISA, and rMuc2 mRNA levels were quantified by real-time RT PCR. The effects of leptin alone or in association with protein kinase C (PKC) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors on mucin secreted by human mucus-secreting HT29-MTX cells were determined. Leptin was detected in the rat colonic lumen at substantial levels. Luminal perfusion of leptin stimulates mucus-secreting goblet cells in a dose-dependent manner in vivo in the rat. Leptin (10 nmol/l) increased mucus secretion by a factor of 3.5 and doubled rMuc2 mRNA levels in the colonic mucosa. There was no damage to mucosa 24 h after leptin, but the number of stained mucus cells significantly increased. Leptin-deficient ob/ob mice have abnormally dense mucus-filled goblet cells. In human colonic goblet-like HT29-MTX cells expressing leptin receptors, leptin increased mucin secretion by activating PKC- and PI3K-dependent pathways. This is the first demonstration that leptin, acting from the luminal side, controls the function of mucus-secreting goblet cells. Because the gel layer formed by mucus at the surface of the intestinal epithelium has a barrier function, our data may be relevant physiologically in defence mechanisms of the gastrointestinal tract.

Zoghbi S1, Trompette A, Claustre J, El Homsi M, Garzón J, Jourdan G, Scoazec JY, Plaisancié P. beta-Casomorphin-7 regulates the secretion and expression of gastrointestinal mucins through a mu-opioid pathway. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2006

We have recently shown that beta-casomorphin-7, a milk opioid peptide, strongly stimulates mucin secretion in the rat jejunum through a nervous pathway and opioid receptor activation. In this study, the hypothesis that beta-casomorphin-7 may also act directly on intestinal goblet cells was investigated in vitro in rat and human intestinal mucin-producing cells (DHE and HT29-MTX) using quantitative and semiquantitative RT-PCR and ELISA. The presence of mu-opioid receptors was demonstrated in rat goblet cells in the upper half of the colonic crypt and in the two cell lines by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. In rat DHE cells, beta-casomorphin-7 increased the expression of rat mucin (rMuc)2 and rMuc3 but not rMuc1, rMuc4, and rMuc5AC. This effect was time and dose dependent, with the maximum of increase in transcripts being noticed for a concentration of 10(-4) M after 2 h of stimulation for rMuc2 (225% of controls) and 4 h of stimulation for rMuc3 (208% of controls). Mucin secretion was maximally increased after 8 h of stimulation. Interestingly, these effects were prevented by pretreatment of the cells with the mu-opioid antagonist cyprodime. In human HT29-MTX cells, beta-casomorphin-7 (10(-4) M) also increased MUC5AC mRNA levels (219% after 24 h of stimulation) and the secretion of this mucin (169% of controls). In conclusion, beta-casomorphin-7 may contribute significantly to mucin production via a direct effect on intestinal goblet cells and the activation of mu-opioid receptors. Because intestinal mucins have a crucial mucosal protective function, dairy products containing beta-casomorphin-7 may improve intestinal protection and could have dietary and health applications.

Languages
Arabic

Native or bilingual proficiency

English

Professional working proficiency

French

Native or bilingual proficiency