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Biotechnology and Bio-engineering Description

Key Elements

Code

GNSA 509

Formation

M2 Genomics and Health

Semester

1

Credits

4

Number of Teaching Hours

28

Number of Tutoring Sessions

0

Number of Laboratory Sessions

0

Content

Objective

This course is for students who have interest in a career in the applied sciences. This course would cover all aspects of Biotechnology including theoretical basis of gene manipulation, products and processes involved in this fastest growing discipline. The usefulness and implications of biotech products would be discussed. Also, it covers the role of basic biotechnological tools in various spheres of human society, namely, agriculture, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals, nanobiotechnology, proteomics, metagenomics and Intellectual Property rights.

Content

Part I: Biotechnology Education: The present Scenario Recent Advancements in Biotechnology - Metagenomics: Principles, Methodology and Biotechnological Potentials - Soil Metagenomics: Discovering the unknown world - Stem Cells and its Prespectives Microorganisms in Agricultural Biotechnology - Microorganisms as Potential Biotechnological and Biocontrol Agent - Plant Growth Promotion and Biocontrol by Soil Microorganisms and Humic Substances - Nanobiotechnology - -Nanotechnology and its applications - - Bioterrorism Industrial Biotechnology - Use of Biotechnology Tools in Biofertilizer Production - Bioreactor for Biofertilizers - Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals - Biotechnological Approaches in Herbal Drug Production Biotechnological Approach to Microbial World - Diversity and Biotechnological Applications of Bacteria and Archae. - Medically Important Members of Bacteria and Archae Market strategies - Global Drug Regulatory Regimes - The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Biotechnology Part II: Plant as ‘Bioreactors’ Definition/ Objectives a. Obtaining resistant plants: herbicides, pathogens, abiotic stress. b. Obtaining plants with better nutritional qualities, plants for the production of pharmaceutical interest products, plants for synthesis useful substances in various industries Transformation of the plant a. Identify, isolate, integrate and multiply a gene of interest, gene transfer, and evaluate regenerate transformed plants, incorporate gene into a commercial variety. Molecules Production with therapeutic effects in tobacco a. Tobacco expression systems (nuclear, chloroplast and transient) b. Production of antibodies, vaccines, cytokines c. The vaccine plants: potato, tomato and corn to produce a vaccine against hepatitis B, antibacterial and antiviral. Edible plant vaccines a. Banana for expression of the B subunit of cholera toxin b. Other plants: golden rice, lupine, lettuce, carrot, etc ...