This course should be familiar with the different types of fossilization. It should enable students to acquire some knowledge of what the physical environment in the past or paleoecology, The development of the plant world through the ages or paleobotany and the succession of different animals groups before the arrival of humans to better understand its origin, to understand and can better protect its Gaïa.
1- Magistral Course
• Objectives, fossils and fossilization.
• Methods of study of fossil-Concept and classification of species.
• Paleoecology: concepts and principles, and ecological habitats, biosphere geosphere results and palaeobiogeography.
• The earliest forms of life and the first fossil
• The main groups of fossil plants by their importance and their succession in time.
• The main groups of fossil animals Cœlentérés, molluscs, trilobites, and bryozoans Brachiopods, and echinoderms Graptolites.
• The first aquatic vertebrates, terrestrial and air distribution through space and time.
• Evolution and Homo lineage.
• Tertiary fossils or terms of evolution
• The biological crises through the period
• Mechanisms of evolution.
• What theories of evolution.