In continuity with the teaching of animal physiology in L3, this teaching targeting regulations and adaptations of various physiological functions of the organism is essential to validate the basic training in animal biology. The purpose of this course is to provide necessary skills for the preparation of masters in different orientations in animal biology, point to research within the framework of the preparation of a thesis as well as to point to professional such as secondary education, the careers in the sectors of production and marketing in the pharmaceutical industry, the hospital and university careers like research assistants, etc. ....
1. Neurovegetative and hormonal regulation of the major functions: cardiac activity, blood pressure, breathing - Renal function : filtration, tubular function (reabsorption, secretion) Digestion and intestinal absorption.
2. Adaptation to extreme conditions: adaptations of body functions to: Hypoxia - Altitudes – Muscular exercise - Diving
3. Maintaining homeostasis of the internal environment and examples of integrated functions of the neuroendocrine system: Shock hyp [euvolemic- Acid-basic equilibrium- Thermoregulation- Osmotic and hydromineral equilibrium: dipsic behavior and sodium balance: the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-ADH-ANF (atrial natriuretic factor) - Regulation of food intake - Blood Sugar control - Calcium review- response and resistance to stress - Production and milk ejection during lactation.
Neurovegetative regulation of the heart and circulatory activities: Pharmacology of vegetative cardiac muscular synapses and smooth muscle. Adaptation of cardiovascular activity in response to extreme real measures by EXAO of vegetative reflexes triggered in case of: Hyposia-muscular exercise - Diving: role of facial receptors - Immediate response to emotion.
Applications to different parts of the course. Case studies and comments on homeostatic imbalances involving regulatory mechanisms and adaptations. Analysis of articles.